Promoting exchange between international schools in Japan and the world,
connecting the world with Japan.

Overview of Japan

Beautiful rural areas and futuristic technology have fused together to create unique culture and art in Japan.

Territory and Population

Japan's land mass is 377,972 (as of 2014) and has a temperate climate, except in the southern region, which is subtropical. 3,300km long from north to south, the Japanese archipelago consists of more than 6,800 islands, the four major ones being Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Japan's total population is 126.98 million people (as of June 1, 2016), the majority living in urban areas. The population of Tokyo is 13.63 million people (as of October 2016).


In Japan, the four seasons are clearly divided, with climates varying greatly depending on the season. Additionally, because the Japanese archipelago extends from north to south, there are differences depending on the region. In the north, summers are cool and winters are harshly cold. In the southwest, the temperatures are high all year with no snowfall. The climate of Japan can be divided into six categories: Hokkaido, Pacific region, Japan Sea region, central highlands, Seto inland, and Nansei Islands. In Japan, there is a rainy season called "tsuyu" during June and early July.


Japan has a highly developed transportation system you can use to conveniently travel by air, land, or water. The shinkansen, or bullet train, extends from the north to the south and allows a fast, safe, and comfortable travel. Regional airports are also well connected and make travel convenient.


Japan is known as an economic superpower with its gross domestic product (GDP) ranking third after the United States and China (as of statistics from 2014). Compared to other major countries of the world, Japan has less land and few resources, making trade its greatest factor in economic development. In the latter half of the 20th century, Japan established its current economic model, by which it imports raw resources and exports processed goods (in other words, added-profit trade). Japan imports and exports at a significant scale, making it one of the world's leading shipping nations. Japan's high proportion of workers involved in the tertiary industry (for example, trading and transportation) is one of Japan's unique economic characteristics. It greatly exceeds the number of workers involved in the primary (for example, agriculture, forestry, and fishery) and secondary industries (for example, manufacturing and construction) . Although the primary industry has a low proportion of workers, it takes advantage of climate and regional characteristics and is carried out nationwide.


Domestic shops and restaurants cannot legally accept foreign currency. The currency of Japan is the Japanese yen, and there are six different types of coins: the 1 yen, 5 yen, 10 yen, 100 yen, and 500 yen. The bills are 1,000 yen, 2,000 yen, 5,000 yen, and 10,000 yen (as of March 2014). You can exchange foreign currency at airports, post offices, and banks. Make sure to check the rate as it varies from day to day. You can also use credit cards if you do not have Japanese yen, but be aware that there are stores that do not accept credit cards.

Copyright@Japan National Tourism Organization All Rights Reserved